Leaving of the definitions of the learning and memory concepts, the relation between the two will be analyzed, and where measured one it conditions and it influences the other. Still special relevance to the process of the memory in the retention will be given to know during the learning. 1 Framing Theoretician the memory human being is a basic element in the tasks of verbal understanding and writing, in the calculation and reasoning. It represents an indispensable paper in the cognitivo system and could be considered responsible by some important differences to the level of the performance of the citizens in the pertaining to school, professional tasks, day to day, in the execution and performance of the tasks to carry through. The memory consists of a set of procedures that the individual allows to manipulate and to understand the world, having in account the individual context and experiences. These procedures involve mechanisms of codification, retention and recovery. It is known that the memory human being possesss limitations, that is, the individual is only capable to memorize an limited number of information. The memory is one of the components that integrant part of the cognitivos processes is.
For Sternberg (2000) Cognitiva Psychology deals with the way as the people perceive, learn, remember and think on the information. The psychologists cognitivos study the biological bases of the cognition, the mental images, the attention, the conscience, the perceo, the memory, the language, the resolution of problems, the creativity, the taking of decisions, the reasoning, the cognitivas changes during the development throughout the life, intelligence human being, artificial intelligence and several other aspetos of the human thought. For one better centfica understanding of the memory human being has been adopted different perspetivas. The perspetivas most frequent can assign for structural perspetiva and the procedural perspetiva. Perspetiva according to structural, the memory would be constituted by some responsible systems for the storage and retention of the information wants short-term wants in the long run.